Note ValueOnce we understand the concept of measure and beats, we can start reading music.
The duration of a sound is indicated using several symbols. Let’s start by getting to know the symbols with durations of one, two and four beats:
Note the relationship of values between the different symbols:
Name (USA) Name (England) Duration Symbol Whole Note Semibreve 4 beats Half Note Minim 2 beats Quarter Note Crotchet 1 beat
Each whole note (semibreve): is divided into two half notes (minim).
And each half note (minim)
is divided into two quarter notes (crotchet) Thus, each symbol will have half the
value of the preceding shape.
Values Shorter Than a BeatThe smallest value we have seen up to this point is that of the quarter note (crotchet), which lasts for a whole beat. Of course, there are symbols for notes of shorter duration.
Here you can see symbols that take a half (50%) or a fourth (25%) of a beat:
It is common practice to beam together the flags of eighth notes and sixteenth notes that are part of the same beat, in order to facilitate reading.
Symbols Name Value Eighth note
Half of a quarter note.
We can have two eighth
notes for each beat.
One fourth of a quarter note.
We can have four of
these for each beat.
There is an equivalent Rest notation for each Note value.
Rest name and its lengths are the same as Note name and length. There are four basic Rest with corresponding Note:
is Semibreve Rest (British) or Whole Note Rest (American). It lasts as long as a Whole Note, which is four beats in 4/4 time.
is Minim Rest (British) or Half Note Rest (American). It lasts as long as a Half Note, which is two beats in 4/4 time.
is Crochet Rest (British) or Quarter Note Rest (American). It lasts as long as a Quarter Note, which is one beats in 4/4 time.
is Quaver Rest (British) or Eight Note Rest (American). It lasts as long as a Quarter Note, which is half a beats in 4/4 time
You can see more information in the next document The rests
EXERCISES about the rest notes names of the rests