The schottische is a partnered country dance, that apparently originated in Bohemia. It was popular in Victorian era ballrooms as a part of the Bohemian folk-dance craze and left its traces in folk music of countries such as Argentina ("chotis" and "chamamé"), Finland ("jenkka"), France, Italy, Norway ("reinlender"), Portugal and Brazil (xote, Chotiça ), Spain (chotis), Sweden, Denmark ("schottis"), and the United States, among other nations. The schottische is considered by The Oxford Companion to Music to be a kind of slower polka, with continental-European origin.
The schottische basic step is made up of two sidesteps to the left and right, followed by a turn in four steps

In Madrid, the chotis, chotís or schotís is considered the most typical dance of the city since the 19th century and it is danced in all the traditional festivals. Some of the tunes, as "Madrid, Madrid, Madrid", by the Mexican composer Agustín Lara become very well known in all Spain. The authors of the zarzuelas created a host of new chotis and strengthened their popularity.


Zarzuela  is a Spanish lyric-dramatic genre that alternates between spoken and sung scenes, the latter incorporating operatic and popular song, as well as dance. The etymology of the name is uncertain, but some propose it may derive from the name of a Royal hunting lodge, the Palacio de la Zarzuela near Madrid, where, allegedly, this type of entertainment was first presented to the court. The palace was named after the place called "La Zarzuela" because of the profusion of brambles (zarzas) that grew there, and so the festivities held within the walls became known as "Zarzuelas".

You can read more

     La zarzuela es un género musical escénico surgido en España con partes instrumentales, partes vocales (solos, dúos, coros...), partes habladas e incluso, en algunas ocasiones, bailes. Su nombre procede del Palacio de la Zarzuela, nombre del pabellón de caza cercano a Madrid donde se hallaba el teatro que albergó las primeras representaciones.     
    Se extendieron a diferentes países hispanos, principalmente a Cuba, Venezuela, Argentina, México y Filipinas.
    Las primeras obras se realizaron en el s. XVII pero este género tuvo su mayor esplendor en el siglo XIX y primera mitad del XX.
    Hay dos tipos de zarzuela. El género chico es una zarzuela de un acto y el género grande es una zarzuela de dos, tres o más actos.


                                                    SAN ISIDRO LABRADOR

San Isidro Labrador,
muerto le llevan en un serón,
el serón era de paja,
muerto le llevan en una caja,
y la caja era de pino,
muerto le llevan en un pepino,
el pepino era de a cuatro,
muerto le llevan en un zapato,
el zapato era ya viejo,
muerto le llevan en un pellejo,
el pellejo era de aceite,
muerto le llevan a San Vicente.
San Vicente está cerrao,
con el moño colorao,
le agarraron de una pata
y le tiraron a un tejao.


A Atocha va una niña

A Atocha va una niña, carabí
A Atocha va una niña, carabí.
Hija de un capitán, carabí hurí, carabí hura.
Hija de un capitán, carabí hurí, carabí hura.

Que hermoso pelo tiene, carabí. (bis)
Quién se lo pein
ará!, carabí hurí, carabí hura. (bis)

Se lo peina su tía, carabí. (bis)
Con mucha suavidad, carabí hurí, carabí hura.(bis)

Pase mi si
por la Puerta de Alcalá,
los de alante corren mucho,
los de atrás se quedarán

por la puerta de Alcalá,
los de alante corren mucho,
los de atrás se quedarán.


A organillo is a mechanical organ designed to play in the street. The operator of a street organ is called an organ grinder. The two main types are the smaller German street organ and the larger Dutch street organ.
In the United Kingdom, street organ is often used to refer to a mechanically played piano like instrument also known as a Barrel piano.
In theXIX century, came to Spain, to Madrid. This instrument was the most important in Madrid, for the typical dances and songs.